Rosacea: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Rosacea is a highly frequent skin condition that affects a large percentage of people of all skin types. It is known for affecting only the central third of the face, particularly the area involving the nose and its surroundings, by causing extreme redness. In addition, some people get little bumps and pimples in those reddened areas of their faces. Why the condition develops and sets in in some people and not in others is still a matter of research. What is certain though is that despite being chronic and incurable, Rosacea can become manageable thanks to certain treatments available for patients. Information, such as the one provided in this review is vital for those people who suffer from Rosacea.
Getting a Diagnose
Before a proper diagnose is made possible, it is common for Rosacea to be confused with other skin conditions, such as eczema or acne. Nonetheless, when all symptoms become visible, the disease becomes evident and presents its characteristic redness on the face. In some cases it begins with just a pinkish glow on the nose that resembles more the type of skin reaction caused by prolonged sun exposure, for instance. Others however, present a tendency to blush or flush more easily. Apart from the obvious skin reactions, eye discomfort is another relevant symptom. Dryness, itchiness and the typical bloodshot appearance are also telltale signs that the condition is Rosacea.
Even when patients needn’t get tested for Rosacea, physicians are able to diagnose the disease based on close observation of the symptoms. It is the pattern of redness on the face, plus the type of vessel dilation that will contribute to telling Rosacea apart from other possible skin conditions. Furthermore, physicians usually inquire patients about their family medical history since there is a high chance that this disease is passed on through family genes. Whatever the case, self-diagnose is never wise and can lead to worsening any existing condition and this is why visiting a skin specialist is the only sure way of coming by a precise diagnose.
Who can get Rosacea?
Short answer is: anybody can get it. Statistics have revealed some interesting information on likelihood and frequency. Most patients are 30 or older when they are first diagnosed and the largest percentage are women who are either fair-skinned and have light-coloured eyes. This however, does not mean that people with darker skin types cannot have Rosacea.
The Mystery behind
There are four different subtypes rosacea and it is possible to get more than one type at a time which may sometimes make treatments more complex. The duration is also uncertain though on average, most patients present it for periods of 8 to 13 years until it goes away, usually by itself. Even when the causes are still unknown, there are some habits – alcohol consumption, sun exposure, stress, harsh chemicals and some dietary habits- that irritate the symptoms and contribute to flare ups taking place
Keeping it under Control
Treatments for rosacea focus on alleviating the symptoms and preventing them from getting worse. These are some of the most effective resources:
Medication: Though varied, medication might include oral antibiotics for infections and oral acne drugs. For ocular symptoms, eye drops or even corticoids may help with the itching and dryness, too.
Laser Therapies: They are optimal for reducing skin thickening and enlarged blood vessels. Skin rejuvenation and electrosurgery may sometimes be advisable.
Despite there being no cure for rosacea; these days, patients can cope with it by controlling the symptoms. Remember that each case is unique and that not all treatments work effectively for all patients. So, getting professional help is the only way to prevent Rosacea from taking over your life.